What is DIEP Flap Surgery?
DIEP flap surgery is the best surgery available for breast cancer and breast reconstruction. Most women have a little extra tissue, usually in the lower abdomen, which is ideal for use in breast reconstruction. DIEP flap reconstruction is an advanced surgical technique that takes this skin and fat (as opposed to the muscle) from the abdomen and transplants it to the chest, using a technique called microsurgery.
Since the tissue used for the reconstruction is entirely your own, the results of the surgery often look and feel much more natural. DIEP flap reconstruction also minimizes the risk of hernia or bulge, two common risks with alternative methods. Additionally, since a patient’s muscle is not used, recovery time is generally much quicker, and there is a lower risk of losing muscular strength after the procedure.
Finally, because DIEP flap surgery moves tissue from your abdomen to your chest, you’ll see the same benefits as you would with a tummy tuck – a flatter, tighter belly, leaving a scar that usually rests beneath your bikini line.
Dr. Potter’s Experience
It’s important to find a surgeon that is specifically qualified in DIEP flap reconstruction. As the gold standard in breast reconstruction, certification in the procedure requires special training, as well as expertise in microsurgery. Dr. Potter completed her microsurgery fellowship at MD Anderson Cancer Center, and has performed over 300 DIEP flap reconstruction surgeries in her career. Because of her tremendous experience with the procedure, Dr. Potter considers DIEP flap reconstruction to be her speciality .
DIEP Flap vs. TRAM Flap
TRAM flap surgery is an alternative to DIEP flap reconstruction. While there are several types of TRAM flap surgeries, all of them involve at least a portion of the abdominal muscle being transferred to the breast. This increases the chances for complications, lengthens recovery time, and increases physical discomfort after the surgery. Abdominal complications such as bulging, hernias, and loss of strength are far more common in TRAM flap surgery than with DIEP flap surgery.
Because DIEP flap surgery requires a higher level of skill, expertise, and certification, many breast reconstruction surgeries are TRAM flap surgeries . It’s important to discuss with your surgeon which option he/she will be performing, and what’s best for you.
In nearly all cases, DIEP flap surgery is the highly preferred over TRAM flap, and Dr. Potter has the training and expertise to perform DIEP flap surgery if at all possible.
What are the risks of DIEP Flap Surgery?
While DIEP flap reconstruction is the safest procedure available, there are a few risks to be aware of.
- Very rarely (1% – 2% of cases), the artery or vein connecting the tissue and the breast will clot, constricting circulation and causing the tissue to struggle or even die. This is called “impending flap loss” or “flap loss” and occurs within a few days of the surgery, when you’ll still be under the care of Dr. Potter and her team . As a fellowship trained microsurgeon, Dr. Potter has the experience to prevent this complication and to attempt to correct this complication if it arises. If there are no symptoms of flap loss by the time you leave the hospital, there’s minimal long-term risk.
- As is the case with any abdominal surgery, there is a small chance of a hernia after a DIEP flap surgery. However, since DIEP flap does not use muscle from the abdomen, this risk is very low, and especially low compared to TRAM flap surgery.
- In some cases, blood circulation to the fat used to rebuild the breast may be cut off, creating a firm scar that feels like a lump. This is called “fat necrosis”. This can set in 6 – 8 months after the surgery, and can be corrected with surgery.
How long is the surgery?
DIEP flap reconstruction is a 6 to 8 hour procedure. Generally, you’ll be required to stay in the hospital for three to five days after the surgery, but will be able to eat and walk the day after surgery.
How long is the recovery time?
It takes four to eight weeks to fully recover and regain the ability to perform strenuous activities. Having had surgery performed on two sites on your body (breast and abdomen), you’ll be sore for about a week after the surgery; movements such as getting in or out of bed or a sitting position can be difficult. However, soreness will begin to subside after the first week .
Is DIEP Flap Reconstruction right for everyone?
In almost all cases, DIEP flap surgery is the preferred method of breast reconstruction.
- For especially thin women without an abundance of belly tissue Dr. Potter can perform a stacked DIEP in order to create the best breast shape and size.
- Women who have already had particular abdominal surgeries, like a tummy tuck, may not be eligible for DIEP flap surgery. Dr. Potter routinely performs DIEP flap surgery for women who have had cesarean sections, gall bladder removal and appendectomies, for example.
- Women with a history of pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) will need special blood work to determine if they are good candidates for DIEP flap surgery.
Dr. Potter will work with each patient individually to determine which procedure is right for them.
Interested in learning more?
With a surgery like DIEP flap reconstruction, it’s important to work with the most skilled and experienced surgeons available. With hundreds of DIEP flap surgeries under her belt, Dr. Potter is Austin’s premier DIEP flap surgeon.
If you’re interested in a consultation, contact Dr. Potter through the online contact form, or call 512-867-6211.